“Secret” in Name Only: Merrick Garland’s precise decision to release the Hoare Report


The White House is angry about the Justice Department’s release of a special counsel report that paints a picture A devastating image For Joe Biden. But the Attorney General Merrick GarlandThe decision to publish the report was a foregone conclusion – anything less than publishing the full report would have been worse.

Technically, special counsel Robert Hoare’s report on Biden’s mishandling of classified documents is classified under Justice Department rules. Even Hoare described it this way.

However, former Justice Department leaders say that in practice, burying or censoring the report would have been untenable.

They described a high-stakes calculation by both Garland and Hoare based on previous politically sensitive investigations: The special counsel’s reports have always been made public in recent years, and Republicans and the press would have been critical of Garland if he had tried to keep that report under control. wraps. At the same time, Hoare clearly recognized this political reality, so the harsh language he used was exactly what he expected the audience to see.

On Thursday, the result was made public A 345-page document, which carries the endorsement of the Justice Department, described the president as embarrassingly forgetful, and perhaps dangerous. Hoare’s allies say he needs to include details about Biden’s mental state because such rulings are crucial to decisions about prosecuting perpetrators of this type of crime.

“I think it was a matter of compelling public interest at the time, and Garland should defer to that,” former Attorney General Bill Barr said, referring to the decision to release the Hur report. “Can you really draw a line and say, ‘I’m not going to put this out’ without making people more suspicious? That’s almost as bad as letting it out. At that point, your options are very limited.”

In 2019, Barr made the decision to Release of special counsel Robert Mueller’s largely unredacted report It helped paint a damaging picture of Donald Trump’s embrace of Russian interference in the 2016 election, despite Mueller’s decision not to recommend criminal charges.

But before the Mueller report was published, Barr angered Trump’s critics by sharing his own analysis of his conclusions. Garland avoided this trend. Instead, he simply published the entire document and let it stand on its own.

However, whether he was released at all was Garland’s decision, as Barr’s former representative noted. Rod RosensteinEspecially since Hoare recommended that no charges be brought against anyone involved. Rosenstein noted that prosecutors regularly write documents explaining their decisions not to file charges. These documents are usually kept confidential.

“Rob Hoare has not issued a public report,” Rosenstein said. He wrote a secret internal memo. District Attorney Garland made the decision to release him.

However, many longtime Justice Department employees saw this outcome as inevitable. Garland had already committed, in Statement last yearTo disseminate all reports of the Special Advisors to the greatest extent possible. The Biden White House chose not to assert executive privilege over any part of the Hoare report.

The report recommended against bringing charges against Biden, arguing that his forgetfulness — even about the dates he became vice president or the year of his son’s death — would make it difficult to prove in court that he had criminal intent when he collected secret documents at his residence. Hoare embellished that description with a scathing assessment of his interview with Biden, saying the president sounded like a “sympathetic, well-intentioned old man with a weak memory.”

Biden’s lawyers criticized Hoare – V.A The letter attached to the report — to include those references, and they asserted that Hoare showed bias against Biden because he attributed his forgetfulness to age, while he took a more understanding tone toward other witnesses who had forgotten details from years-old events.

Biden himself complained about Hoare’s report on Thursday evening for its invocation of his son’s death and whether Biden remembers it clearly. “How the hell dare he raise that?” President Hoor said.

Justice Department veterans and Biden allies called the report “indefensible,” particularly its remark that challenged Biden’s recollection of the timing of his son Beau’s death.

“Mr. Gene Rossi, a former federal prosecutor, said: “Hoare appears to have gone beyond the bounds of what he can write by adding what appear to be unnecessary comments about the President’s age and memory, especially the gratuitously bold assertion of forgetfulness when his son died.”

Jamie Gorelick, deputy attorney general under President Bill Clinton, agrees.

“I think the language that Hoare used was both remarkable and unfortunate,” Gorelick said. “I think he could have listed his reasons for not recommending indictment or not recommending indictment without that kind of unwarranted strike.”

Democrats on Capitol Hill largely They rallied to defend Biden He also accused Hoare of glorifying and disrespecting Biden.

Some compared it To the 2016 episode when then-FBI Director James Comey announced a decision not to charge Hillary Clinton with mishandling of classified information, only to hold a press conference in which he accused her of irresponsibility regarding national security secrets. Comey received a reprimand from a Justice Department watchdog over this move.

A senior Comey ally and adviser from his days at the FBI acknowledged the similarities between the Garland and Hoare decision and the former FBI director’s decision, calling it part of a “new, and perhaps unfortunate, reality.”

“It is sad that we regularly find ourselves faced with situations where the legitimacy of a prosecutor’s decision not to indict a politician, police officer, or other public figure is transformed by the explanation you provide,” said Daniel Richman, now a professor at Columbia University. . “The rule of never going beyond a simple denial will often not solve the problem, especially when the denial is typically viewed as a complete exoneration or exoneration, and the prospect of congressional hearings looms.”

While the Justice Department regulations used to appoint special counsels call for their final reports to be confidential, and Hur described his reports as such, it has become common in recent years for prosecutors — facing political pressure — to pledge to release these reports publicly to the extent permitted By the law. Allow.

Despite warnings from the White House this week, the outcome of Hoar’s investigation was certain to trigger a wave of Freedom of Information Act requests and lawsuits from news organizations and Biden’s political enemies. House Republicans could also have requested the report and related records. The letter Biden’s lawyers sent to Hoare indicates that transcripts of the prosecutor’s interviews with Biden exist, so the memory lapses cited by Hoare may have become public whether Hoare colorfully described them or not.

Special advisors, by their nature, often work in politically volatile areas. They are typically assigned to high-stakes cases where DOJ operations may be perceived as politically biased. This generates extraordinary public interest in their final reports. Without exception, private investigators’ reports for the past five years have been made public with few restrictions.

Barr drew a sharp contrast between Hoare and Mueller, noting that Mueller’s final report did not provide any recommendation on whether or not Trump should be charged with obstruction of justice for trying to sideline the investigation completely. In explaining his indecision, Mueller cited the Justice Department’s long-standing ban on prosecuting sitting presidents. The decision was conveyed to Barr, who concluded that no charges would be appropriate even if the president could be indicted while in office.

But Hoare took the opposite approach. In the first two sentences of his report, he said Biden should not face charges even if Justice Department policy allowed it.

Barr praised Hoare’s finality. He said that entailed Hoare’s description of Biden’s mental state. In the report, Hoare noted that Biden’s apparently faulty memory is why jurors might conclude that he forgot to return classified documents, rather than intentionally storing them.

“He did not do what Mueller was rightly criticized for, which is not to come to a decision and get rid of these things,” Barr said. “He came to a decision, and the mental state was an integral part of that.”

While some Justice Department veterans said the responsibility fell on Garland, others said the attorney general had no choice but to release the report Hoare submitted. It is likely that Hoare and his team were aware that their words would become public, even though the report was labeled “secret.”

“Mr. Hoar’s report had to be published unedited for fear of accusing the Attorney General of protecting President Biden,” Rossi said.

Gorelick said that under the circumstances it would have been “extremely difficult” not to publish the Hoare report, but that the best policy was for such reports to remain secret.

“I would say that any report should be confidential,” she said. “You make a decision to charge or not, and that should be the end of it.”

Controversy over the publication of reports by independent prosecutors dates back to the 1980s, when critics of the Independent Attorneys Act actually complained that these prosecutors’ reports could amount to character assassination.

“There’s just a history of harm,” Gorelick said. “There are many ways what happened yesterday could have happened.”

By the 1990s, many liberals had joined the chorus criticizing the law, as the Clinton administration faced seven such investigations, including the Whitewater investigation. Congress allowed the law to expire in 1999, prompting the Department of Justice to issue regulations for private attorneys that remain in effect today.

Among those who raised concerns about such reports was Brett Kavanaugh, who served as attorney general on the staff of independent counsel Kenneth Starr and is now a member of the Supreme Court. (But Kavanaugh left open the idea of ​​submitting a report to Congress on potential impeachable crimes.)

“As a general assumption, the public report is an error,” Kavanaugh wrote. 1998 Law Review Article. “It violates the basic rule of confidentiality in criminal investigations, adds time and expense to the investigation, and is often viewed as a political act. It also misunderstands the objectives of the criminal process.”

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