Arctic blast brings cold chills and record winds that can cause frostbite in minutes as snow moves northeast

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brutality Explosion in the Arctic It brings record low temperatures and life-threatening wind chills across a large swath of the United States as snow and freezing rain spread from the south to the northeast. Here’s the latest:

Cold temperatures are breaking records: Nearly 80% of the United States will see temperatures below freezing over the next week. Several daily records for cold have already been set — including across Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas — and more could be broken Tuesday across the central and southern United States. Temperatures in Memphis, Dallas and Nashville are expected to remain below freezing for at least 72 consecutive hours.

Frostbite can occur in minutes: More than 120 million people are under wind chill warnings from the Canadian border to the Mexican border. Most of the Rocky Mountains, Great Plains and Midwest will see life-threatening sub-zero wind chills through Tuesday, with wind chills below -30 degrees over the central Plains and central Mississippi Valley. “These wind chills can cause frostbite on exposed skin in a few minutes and hypothermia shortly thereafter,” the National Weather Service warned.

At least five deaths in several states: Deaths have been reported across Arkansas, Oregon, Mississippi and Tennessee since January 12, as back-to-back winter storms battered the United States with dangerous winds, ice and snow. One person was killed and another injured in Arkansas after their pickup truck veered off a snow-covered highway in White County and struck a tree. According to the state police.

Icy roads make travel dangerous: As snow hits New York and New England and moves north on Tuesday, the weather service warned travelers to plan for slippery roads and hazardous travel conditions that could become very difficult. The South already saw icy conditions on the roads on Monday, as the Tennessee Department of Transportation responded to hundreds of accidents on the roads and warned that “conditions will remain hazardous for at least the next 24 hours.”

Schools are closed: Districts in more than a half-dozen states, including Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas and West Virginia, announced closures amid the frigid temperatures.

Snow and freezing rain sweep the Northeast

As dangerously cold temperatures persist across much of the United States — with more than 80 million people under winter weather alerts across more than 1,600 miles from the Texas and Louisiana borders to the Maine and Canada borders — snow and freezing rain will spread over the South to the middle of the country. Atlantic and Northeast until Tuesday.

Heavy snowfall in the Great Lakes region downwind is expected to create some big travel headaches. Lake effect snow It occurs when cold air moves across the open, unfrozen waters of the Great Lakes, creating narrow bands that produce 2 to 3 inches of snow per hour or more.

Buffalo, New York, is under a winter storm watch Thursday evening, with 9 to 18 inches of lake-effect snow and wind gusts up to 40 mph. Watertown, which is also under a winter storm watch through early Friday, could see 2-3 feet of heavy lake-level snow.

“Travel may be very difficult or impossible. Areas of snowfall could significantly reduce visibility,” the National Weather Service office in Buffalo warned. “Hazardous conditions could impact commuting Wednesday morning and evening.”

This area just received over 3 feet of snowfall from a previous round of very heavy snowfall on the lake.

New York City is expected to receive 2-4 inches of snow through Tuesday — after not falling an inch of snow in a single day In more than 700 daysaccording to the National Meteorological Directorate.

Washington, D.C., is expected to receive at least 4-6 inches of snow on Tuesday. The city received more than an inch of snow Monday, ending the city’s streak of without at least an inch of snow in 673 days.

Philadelphia also broke its snow drought with 1.5 inches of snow falling as of early Tuesday after 715 days of not seeing an inch of snowfall.

As the Northeast deals with heavy snow, another storm will move ashore over the Pacific Northwest Tuesday into Wednesday, as the region continues to recover from a devastating storm that struck late last week.

An ice storm warning was issued for more than 3 million people across the region, including Portland. The system will also bring rain over parts of the Pacific Northwest to California, with snow at higher elevations.

Sub-zero wind chills and the threat of frostbite

Wind chill temperatures – How cold people feel when they are outside based on heat loss from exposed skin – and they are expected to reach dangerously low levels that cause frostbite and hypothermia.

Temperatures are expected to reach 40 degrees below zero in Illinois, Missouri and Iowa, and reach 25 degrees below zero in Texas and the Oklahoma Panhandle through Tuesday. “Dangerously cold wind chills can cause frostbite on exposed skin in as little as 10 minutes,” the weather service warned.

The weather service says the parts most susceptible to frostbite are the fingers and toes, the ear lobes and the tip of the nose. Symptoms include loss of sensation in the extremities and a white or pale appearance.

“Avoid outdoor activities if possible. If you must be outside, dress appropriately, dress in layers, and cover exposed skin. Keep pets indoors,” the National Weather Service said. “Get a cold survival kit if “You should have traveled.”

While temperatures are expected to moderate midweek, a new wave of cold air will arrive over the northern Plains, Midwest and Deep South by the end of the week, according to the weather service.

CNN meteorologists Sarah Tonks, CNN’s Zeynepo Sela, Sarah Dewberry, Amy Simonson and Andy Papineau contributed to this report.

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